Water Science

Dissolved organic matter in pore water of freshwater sediments: effects of separation procedure on quantity, quality and functionality

You are viewing information about the paper Dissolved organic matter in pore water of freshwater sediments: effects of separation procedure on quantity, quality and functionality.

Journal: Chemosphere 2005/08/09
Published: 2005
Authors: Akkanen, J.;Lyytikainen, M.;Tuikka, A.;Kukkonen, J. V.
Address: Laboratory of Aquatic Ecology and Ecotoxicology, Department of Biology, University of Joensuu, P.O. Box 111, FIN-80101 Joensuu, Finland. jarkko.akkanen@joensuu.fi

Pore water was separated either with or without water extraction prior to centrifugation (7600 or 20,000 x g) in order to investigate the effects of separation procedure on the amount and properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM i.e. the material passing through a 0.45-microm filter) in three freshwater sediments. On the basis of solubility in alkaline, organic matter was concluded to compose of humic substances in two (S1 and S3) and of humin (S2) in one of the sediments. DOM in the samples was quantified by total organic carbon measurement. Specific UV-absorption (SUVA) and high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) analyses were used to characterize DOM. Sorption of pyrene was used as a measure for functionality of DOM. Both water extraction and centrifugation speed were shown to affect the properties of DOM; however, the effects were sediment dependent. Water extraction increased the amount of DOM separated from the two sediments that had humic character (S1 and S3). In most cases water extraction increased SUVA and shifted the molecular size distribution of DOM towards larger sizes. The separation procedure had also an effect on the functionality of DOM. In water extracted samples of S2 and S3 the sorption of pyrene was higher than in the corresponding samples separated without water extraction, whereas in S1 similar effect was not found. Generally, centrifugation speed had smaller effects on the properties of DOM than water extraction. The fact that the effects of separation procedure on DOM depend on the sediment characteristics complicates the comparison between samples and evaluation of functionality in field conditions.

View other papers from Chemosphere in 2005